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Security Glossary

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Advanced persistent threats (APTs)
A targeted cyberespionage or cybersabotage attack that is usually sponsored by a nation state with the goal of stealing information from an organization. The motivation behind an advanced persistent threat is to gain information for military, political, or economic advantage.
Adware
Software that automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements to a computer, often in exchange for the right to use a program without paying for it. The advertisements seen are based on monitoring of browser habits. Most adware is safe to use, but some can serve as spyware, gathering information about you from your hard drive, the websites you visit, or even your keystrokes. Certain types of adware have the capability to capture or transmit personal information.
Android (droid)
Google's brand name for its Linux-based operating system for mobile devices (smartphones and tablets).
Antispam
A type of application that defends against the threats that spam poses (such as viruses, phishing attempts, and denial-of-service attacks) and reduces the amount of spam entering an email system.
Antivirus software
A type of software that scans a computer's memory and disk drives for viruses. If it finds a virus, the application informs the user and may clean, delete, or quarantine any files, directories, or disks affected by the virus. The term
ATM skimming
A type of fraud or theft that occurs when an ATM is compromised with a skimming device. A card reader that can be disguised to look like a part of the machine. The card reader collects victims' account information and personal identification numbers (PIN).
AutoUpdate
The program that automatically updates McAfee software with the latest detection definition (.DAT) files and scan engine.