|Advanced persistent threats (APTs)||
A targeted cyberespionage or cybersabotage attack that is usually sponsored by a nation state with the goal of stealing information from an organization. The motivation behind an advanced persistent threat is to gain information for military, political, or economic advantage.
Software that automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements to a computer, often in exchange for the right to use a program without paying for it. The advertisements seen are based on monitoring of browser habits. Most adware is safe to use, but some can serve as spyware, gathering information about you from your hard drive, the websites you visit, or even your keystrokes. Certain types of adware have the capability to capture or transmit personal information.
A type of fraud or theft that occurs when an ATM is compromised with a skimming device. A card reader that can be disguised to look like a part of the machine. The card reader collects victims' account information and personal identification numbers (PIN).
The program that automatically updates McAfee software with the latest detection definition (.DAT) files and scan engine.
|Black hat hackers||
Hackers who gain unauthorized access into a computer system or network with malicious intent. They may use computers to attack systems for profit, for fun, for political motivations, or as part of a social cause. Such penetration often involves modification and/or destruction of data, as well as distribution of computer viruses, Internet worms, and delivery of spam through the use of botnets.
A wireless technology commonly used to wirelessly link phones, computers, and other network devices over short distances. It can also be used to exchange data over short distances.
Short for robot, a computer that has been infected with malicious software without the user's knowledge. Once the computer has been affected, a cybercriminal can send commands to it and other infected machines over the Internet. Since the compromised computers blindly follow the commands of the cybercriminals, infected machines are also called zombies.
|Botnet (bot network)||
Short for robot network, a botnet is a network of hijacked computers controlled remotely by a hacker. The hacker can use the network to send spam and launch Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, and may rent the network to other cybercriminals. A single computer in a botnet can automatically send thousands of spam messages per day. The most common spam messages come from zombie computers.