W32TM

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W32TM

W32TM.exe

Time Service Utility.

 

W32TM.exe

Time Service Utility.

Syntax Register the time service, and add default config to the registry W32TM /register Unregister the time service, and remove config from the registry W32TM /unregister The domain/computers to monitor W32TM /monitor [/domain:domain_name] [/computers:name[,name[,name...]]] [/threads:num] Convert a Windows NT system time, in (10^-7)s intervals from 0h 1-Jan 1601, into a readable format. W32TM tte NT_Time_Epoch Converts a Network Time Protocol (NTP) time, in (2^-32)s intervals from 0h 1-Jan 1900, into a readable format W32TM tpte Network_Time Tell a computer that it should resynchronize its clock as soon as possible, discarding all accumulated error stats W32TM /resync [/computer:computer] [owait] [/rediscover] [/soft] Display a strip chart of the offset between this computer and another computer W32TM /stripchart /computer:target [/period:refresh] [/dataonly] [/samples:count] [/packetinfo] [/ipprotocol:<4|6> Adjust the configuration of target W32TM /config [/computer:target] [/update] [/manualpeerlist:peers] [/syncfromflags:source] [/LocalClockDispersion:seconds] [/reliable:(YES|NO)] [/largephaseoffset:milliseconds] Display the current time zone settings. W32TM /tz Display the values that are associated with a given registry key. (default/root key is HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\W32Time) W32TM /dumpreg [/subkey:key] [/computer:target] Display a computer's Windows Time service information. W32TM /query [/computer:target] {/source | /configuration | /peers | /status} [/verbose] Enable or disable a local computer Windows Time service private log. W32TM /debug {/disable | {/enable /file:name /size:bytes /entries:value [/truncate]}}Options: Domain The domain to monitor. If no domain name is specified, or neither the domain nor computers option is specified, the default domain is used. This option might be used more than once. computers Monitor the given list of computers. Computer names are separated by commas, with no spaces. If a name has a prefix of a ‘*’, it is treated as a primary domain controller (PDC). You can use this option more than once. computer The computer to act upon, by default the local computer. threads The number of computers to analyze simultaneously. 1-50, default=3. NT_Time_Epoch A hex value representing a 64 bit integer that represents the number of seconds elapsed since 1900-01-01 00:00:00 (can be supplied as either Hex or integer) In reverse byte order, the first hex byte is the least significant: (1900-01-01 00:00:01 is encoded as 0x01000000) /nowait Do not wait for the resynchronization to occur; return immediately. Otherwise, wait for the resynchronization to complete before returning. /rediscover Redetect the network configuration and rediscover network sources; then, resynchronize. /soft This option is only provided for compatibility with older time servers and will resynchronize using existing error statistics.. /period:refresh The time between samples, in seconds. The default value is 2 seconds. /Dataonly Display only the data, without graphics. /samples:count Collect count samples; then, stop. If a value is not specified, samples will be collected until Ctrl+C is pressed. /packetinfo Print out NTP packet response message. /Ipprotocol 4|6 Specify the IP protocol to use. Default = use whatever is available. /update Notify the time service that the configuration has changed, causing the changes to take effect. /manualpeerlist:peers Set the manual peer list to peers, which is a space-delimited list of Domain Name System (DNS) and/or IP addresses. When you are specifying multiple peers, this option must be enclosed in quotation marks ("). /syncfromflags:source Sets what sources the NTP client should synchronize from. source should be a comma-separated list of these keywords (not case sensitive): MANUAL — Include peers from the manual peer list. DOMHIER — Synchronize from a domain controller in the domain hierarchy. NO — Do not synchronize from any server. ALL — Synchronize from both manual and domain peers. /LocalClockDispersion:seconds Configures the accuracy of the internal clock that W32time will assume when it cannot acquire time from its configured sources. /reliable:(YES|NO) Set whether this computer is a reliable time source. This setting is meaningful only on domain controllers. /largephaseoffset:milliseconds Sets the time difference between local time and network time that W32time will consider to be a spike.  /source Display the time source. /configuration Display the configuration of run time and where the setting comes from. In verbose mode, display the undefined or unused setting also. /peers Display a list of peers and their status. /status Display Windows Time service status. /verbose Set the verbose mode to display more information. /disable Disable the private log. /enable Enable the private log. file:name The absolute file name. size:bytes The maximum size for circular logging. entries:value Contains a list of flags, specified by number and separated by commas, that specify the types of information that should be logged. Valid numbers are 0 to 300. A range of numbers is valid, in addition to single numbers, such as 0 through 100,103,106. Value 0-300 is for logging all information. /truncate Truncate the file if it exists. /? Display help.

The W32Time service is not a full-featured Network Time Protocol (NTP) solution that meets time-sensitive needs.

By default the Windows Time service (w32time) will synchronize its time once per week.
This can be extended to daily by setting a Scheduled Task to start the service and run w32tm /resync.

The options /debug, /packetinfo and /ipprotocol are available from Windows Vista and above.

/stripchart /packetinfo - will output three timestamps - The first hex number is byte order reversed NTP date, followed by the ANSI date (number of days since 1st Jan 1601) followed by the date/time in readable/local format.

The option tpte - will output three timestamps - The first hex number is an NTTE date (as also understood by w32tm.exe tte ), followed by the ANSI date (number of days since 1st Jan 1601) followed by the date/time in readable/local format.

The option tte - will output two timestamps - first the ANSI date (number of days since 1st Jan 1601) followed by the date/time in readable/local format.

A computer that is a member of a domain is configured by default to synchronize from the domain hierarchy, manually-specified synchronization is most useful for the forest root of the domain or for computers that are not joined to a domain.

Public NTP servers:

  • NIST Internet Time Service time.nist.gov - part of the NIST Physical Measurement Laboratory, maintains the standard for frequency and time interval for the United States.
  • NTP Pool project pool.ntp.org (or "0.pool.ntp.org 1.pool.ntp.org 2.pool.ntp.org 3.pool.ntp.org") a big virtual cluster of timeservers.
  • time.windows.com - Microsoft's own time server (not particularly reliable).

Examples:

Set the local Windows Time client to point to two different time servers, one named time.nist.gov and another named pool.ntp.org

W32TM.exe /config /manualpeerlist:"time.nist.gov pool.ntp.org" /syncfromflags:manual /update

Check the Windows Time client configuration from a client computer running Windows 7 that has a host name of PC64

W32TM.exe /query /computer:PC64 /configuration

Convert an NTTE formatted date into a readable format, if using hex, prefix with 0x:

W32TM.exe tte 0x01cf070000000000

W32TM.exe tte 130330610798428160

Convert an NTP formatted date into a readable format, if using hex, prefix with 0x:

W32TM.exe tpte 0x72386aa6917c63d8

“We have a normal. As you move outside of your comfort zone, what was once the unknown and frightening becomes your new normal” ~Robin S. Sharma

Related:

TZUTIL - Time Zone Utility
TIME - Display or set the system time
Convert Hex - Convert between Hex and Integer numbers
Old New Thing - How to recognize date/time stamps (0x01=NTTE/Win32 FILETIME, 0x08=CLR System.DateTime)

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