SC

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SC

SC.exe

Service Control - Create, Start, Stop, Query orDelete any Windows SERVICE. The command options for SC are case sensitive.

 

SC.exe

Service Control - Create, Start, Stop, Query orDelete any Windows SERVICE. The command options for SC are case sensitive.

Syntax SC [\\server] [command] [service_name] [Options]Key server : The machine where the service is running service_name : The KeyName of the service, this is often but not always the same as the DisplayName shown in Control Panel, Services. You can get the KeyName by running:  SC GetKeyName <DisplayName> commands: query [qryOpt] Show status queryEx [qryOpt] Show extended info - pid, flags GetDisplayName Show the DisplayName GetKeyName Show the ServiceKeyName EnumDepend Show Dependencies qc Show config - dependencies, full path etc start START a service. stop STOP a service pause PAUSE a service. continue CONTINUE a service. create Create a service. (add it to the registry) config permanently change the service configuration delete Delete a service (from the registry) control Send a control to a service interrogate Send an INTERROGATE control request to a service Qdescription Query the description of a service description Change the description of a service Qfailure Query the actions taken by a service upon failure failure Change the actions taken by a service upon failure sdShow Display a service's security descriptor using SDDL SdSet Sets a service's security descriptor using SDDL qryOpt: type= driver|service|all Query specific types of service state= active|inactive|all Query services in a particular state only bufsize= bytes  ri= resume_index_number (default=0) group= groupname Query services in a particular group Misc commands that don’t require a service name: SC QueryLock Query the LockStatus for the ServiceManager Database. this will show if a service request is running SC Lock Lock the Service Database SC BOOT Values are {ok | bad} Indicates whether to save  the last restart configuration as the `last-known-good` restart configuration Options The CREATE and CONFIG commands allow additional service options to be set e.g. to disable a service: SC config "Name of Service" start= disabled see the built-in help for more: 'SC create' and 'SC config'

Note the qryOpt options above are case sensitive - they must be entered in lower case, also the position of spaces and = must be exactly as shown.

The SC command duplicates some aspects of the NET command but adds the ability to create a service.
SC query will display if a service is running, giving output like this:

 SERVICE_NAME : messenger TYPE : 20 WIN32_SHARE_PROCESS STATE : 4 RUNNING (STOPPABLE,NOT_PAUSABLE,ACCEPTS_SHUTDOWN) WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0) SERVICE_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0) CHECKPOINT : 0x0 WAIT_HINT : 0x0

To retrieve specific information from SC's output, pipe into FIND or FindStr
e.g.

 C:\> SC query messenger | FIND "STATE" | FIND "STOPPED" C:\> SC query messenger | FIND "STATE" | FIND "RUNNING"

The statements above will return an %ERRORLEVEL% = 1 if the text is not found

IF errorlevel 1 GOTO :my_subroutine

The NET START command can be used in a similar way to check if a service is running:

 NET START | FIND "Service name" > nul IF errorlevel 1 ECHO The service is not running

The service control manager will normally wait up to 30 seconds to allow a service to start, you can modify this time (30,000 milliseconds) in the registry

HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control
ServicesPipeTimeout (REG_DWORD)

Some options only take effect at the point when the service is started e.g. the SC config command allows the executable of a service to be changed. When the service next starts up it will run the new executable. Config changes requires the current user to have “permission to configure the service”.

Examples:

 SC GetKeyName "task scheduler" SC GetDisplayName schedule  SC start schedule SC QUERY schedule SC CONFIG "Schedule" start= disabled SC QUERY type= driver SC QUERY state= all |findstr "DISPLAY_NAME STATE" >svc_installed.txt  SC \\myServer CONFIG myService obj= LocalSystem password= mypassword SC CONFIG MyService binPath=c:\myprogram.exe obj=".\LocalSystem" password=""

Enable remote registry access on computer64:

 SC \\computer64 config remoteregistry start= auto SC \\computer64 start remoteregistry

Watch out for extra spaces:
SC QUERY state= all Works
SC QUERY state =all Fails!

“There is always room at the top” ~ Daniel Webster

Related:

DELSRV - Delete a service
INSTSRV - Install a service (run under a specific account)
NET - manage network resources
PsService - View and control services
Svcmon - Monitor services and raise an alert if they stop. (Win 2K ResKit)
Svcacls - Service ACL Editor (Win 2K ResKit)
SUBINACL - Set service permissions
WMIC SERVICE - WMI access to services
List of Windows Services
Q251192 - Create a Windows Service using SC
Q166819 - Control Services Remotely
Q170738 - Debug a Windows Service
Powershell: Get-Service - Get a list of services
Equivalent bash command (Linux): nice - Change job scheduling priority

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